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Waste management



In accordance with article L.541-2 of the environmental code, producers are responsible for the waste they produce. State council order of 13 July 2006, relative to the SMIR company, confirmed that the waste producer or holder remains responsible for its proper disposal, even if he entrusts this operation to a third party and pays this third party.

There is one exception to this rule, in the case of household waste disposed of by municipalities (article L.2224-13 of the general local authority code). Municipalities can also treat waste from other origins produced by artisans, retailers etc. provided that the waste disposal is not subject to any specific technical requirements (article L.2224-14 of the general local authority code).

Finally, article L.541-10 states that the producers (manufacturers, importers) of the goods which generate waste can be forced to dispose of or help dispose of these goods. This is referred to as the producer’s extended responsibility. Decrees should specify the application conditions of this principle to make it operational, which has already been done for batteries and accumulators, used tyres, end-of-life vehicles, waste electrical and electronic equipment and unsolicited printed materials.

Total waste production in France was approximately 850 million tons in 2004 (source: ADEME), including:

Depending on waste characteristics and collection systems implemented (selective waste collection, waste recycling banks, waste drop-off centre, etc.), different treatment solutions are possible: recovery, material recycling, biological, physical-chemical treatment, incineration or landfilling.

Examples: creation of aggregates from demolition waste, maturation platforms for bottom ash from household waste incineration, industrial wastewater treatment.