A classified installation, whether a permit holder or with a declaration obligation, can be inspected. The objective is to verify the regulatory compliance of the installation in order to protect the interests noted in article L 511-1 of the Environmental Code.
Classified installation inspectors carry out these inspections, mostly from the Direction Régionale de l’Industrie de la Recherche et de l’Environnement (DRIRE - Regional Directorate for Industry, Research and the Environment), the Direction Départementale des Services Vétérinaires (DDSV - Departmental veterinary services), and the Service Technique Interdépartemental de l’Inspection des Installations Classées (STIIIC - Interdepartmental technical service for the inspection of classified installations).
When necessary, a laboratory can be contracted by the Inspectorate of classified installations to carry out sampling and analyses of one or several specific elements of the installation. These analyses are paid for by the operator.
Laboratories approved by the Ministry for ecology, sustainable development and spatial planning can be contacted.
The Inspectorate and the laboratory can intervene on site simultaneously or separately.
These inspections do not preclude the self-monitoring process, as the permit order for an installation can stipulate the permanent monitoring by the operator of his emissions and/or impact on the environment, i.e. self-monitoring. The results, with commentary on compliance with the limit values applicable to the installation, must be sent to the Inspectorate of classified installations.
3Periodic monitoring by approved organisations3
This monitoring is only applicable to the installations with a declaration obligation (DC system).
The legislation defining this monitoring (activity scope, frequency etc.) is being drafted : articles R512-56 to 512-66 and R514-5 of the environmental code outlined the major principles, including the five year frequency, while decree 2006-678 of 8 June 2006 defined the activities concerned by this monitoring. What remains to be done is organise the accreditation procedure of monitoring organisations and define periodic monitoring procedures for each category of installation.
Furthermore, for permit holding installations, ministerial or prefectural orders can specify that certain technical points, within the framework of a specific regulation, are subject to periodic monitoring, for example the state of electrical installations in certain facilities.