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Service stations

Sector's classified installations

Nomenclature sections: 1432 - 14341414-1412-1413

Standard orders: 261 bis – 253 - 1434-1412-1413-1414

Classified Installations Legislation references

Ministerial order of 8 December 1995 relative to the control of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions resulting from the storage of petrol and its distribution from terminals to service stations
Ministerial order of 22 June 1998 relative to underground tanks of flammable liquids and associated equipment,
Decree of 18 April 2001 and ministerial orders of 17 May 2001 on the reduction in VOC emissions due to vehicle refuelling in service stations
Amended order of 24 August 1998 relative to the general operational requirements applicable to classified installations for environmental protection with a declaration obligation under section no. 1414: Liquefied flammable gas filling or distribution installations.

Context, issues and problems

Service stations are mostly operated by major petroleum companies (French Union of Petroleum Industries) and their affiliates on the one hand, and the network of Supermarket Distribution and independent operators on the other. The market is almost equally divided between these two networks (over 80 million m3 each year). There are roughly 13,500 service stations and this number reduces each year.

2Main risks2

Risks of accident and urban planning control:

The flammable liquids and LPG issue combined with the issue of urban planning control, as service stations are often located near housing areas and public buildings (compliance with distancing constraints). See PPRT section.

Water and soil pollution

Underground tank design issue: new tanks must either be double membrane tanks with a leak detector or positioned in water-tight and sealed pits with leak detection via the presence of liquid at the lowest point of the pit. Existing single-layer underground tanks (not located in a pit) must be replaced by 2010.

VOC (health hazards according to the vulnerability of the local environment, air quality)

Vapour recovery depending on the annual amount of petrol sold by the service stations:

  • recovery of the vapours emitted during the tanker loading phase in terminals and the tanker unloading phase in service stations
  • recovery of the vapours emitted during the vehicle supply phase in service stations

Ongoing actions in the sector