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Sector's classified installations

Nomenclature section:


Standard order: AT section 242 of brochure 1001/2 of the official Journal.

Classified Installations Legislation references

European legislation:

Council Directive 96/61/CE of 24 September 1996 relative to Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control.

National legislation:

Environmental code, legislative section book V (law no. 76-663 of 19 July 1976 relative to classified installations for environmental protection).

Environmental code, regulatory section book V Title 1

Order of 29 June 2004 relative to the operational assessment stipulated in amended decree no. 77-1133 of 21 September 1977.

Amended order of 24 December 2002 relative to the annual emissions disclosure of permit holding classified installations.

Order of 02/02/98 relative to relative to the water withdrawal and consumption as well as all types of emissions of permit holding classified installations for environmental protection

Circular of 25/07/06 relative to operational assessment

Circular of 06/12/04 relative to operational assessment

Context, issues and problems

The dairy industry is France’s number two food processing industry. In 2005, nearly 22.7 billion litres of cow’s milk was collected and processed: packaged milk, fresh dairy products (yoghurts, dairy desserts), cheese, butter, milk powder.

For the dairy industry, the main issue is water management, both in terms of consumption and discharge. The different uses of water for the running of boilers (pasteurisation and sterilisation operations) and the cleaning of the installations generally consume a large amount of water; in addition, the residual wastewater must be treated so that the discharge is compatible with the natural milieu into which it is discharged (this polluted water from dairies is relatively easy to treat but this treatment generates sludge which must be taken into consideration).

These industries can also store ammonia for cooling units or use air cooling towers, potential legionella disease carriers.

Ongoing actions in the sector

BREF document (Best REFerences) listing the Best Available Techniques (or BAT) for the food processing sector: Reference document on the best available techniques in the food processing and dairy industries (summary).

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