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Air quality monitoring

2What does this consist of?2 By virtue of the air act, everyone has the right to breathe air that does not harm their health. Thus, the State guarantees, with help from local authorities, the monitoring of air quality by means of a technical system whose implementation is entrusted to certified bodies.

These bodies equally combine State representatives, local authorities, representatives of the various activities emitting monitored substances, environmental protection associations, consumer associations and, when relevant, within the same board as the associations, qualified individuals.
The essential role of these bodies is to provide information to the public on the quality of ambient air. They are non-profit associations governed by the “law of 1901”. These air quality monitoring associations have a mostly regional jurisdiction but there are also several associations with more limited local jurisdiction.

In 2006, there were 34 associations managing 2,200 fixed sensors in total over 750 measuring stations in the entire territory. These sensors measure: sulphur dioxide, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone and nitrogen dioxide, benzene, heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
These associations have a website on which information relative to air quality can be obtained in almost real time.


Order of 22 July 2004 relative to air quality indicators

Amended order of 17 March 2003 relative to air quality monitoring procedures and public information

Decree no. 98-361 of 6 May 1998 relative to the accreditation of air quality monitoring bodies, integrated into articles R221-9 to R221-14 of the Environmental Code